Nursing in general is the care provided to communities, individuals and families to help them maintain their health and attain the quality of life. Nursing Jobs involves compliance and sacrifice and is different when compared to other care providers in terms of the type of training and practice involved. According to the International Council of Nurses, 'Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion of a safe environment, research, participation in shaping health policy and in patient and health systems management, and education are also key nursing rounds. '
There are various levels and practice areas in nursing and nurses perform and provide care according to their level of education and training. Pre-registration to become a nurse involves getting a degree or a diploma in the chosen field of interest. For example, adult care, childcare etc. After which in order to practice legally in this profession a valid registration is required from the Nursing and Midwifery Council, which is the only body to grant the title of 'Registered Nurse.' With emphasis on the importance of the role that a nurse plays in the lives of many patients, the Nursing and Midwifery Council has announced that as of 2013 all those seeking a profession in this industry in England must hold a relevant Bachelor's Degree.
The different types of jobs in nursing and the qualifications involved:
• First Level Nurse – The practitioners work under the titles of RNA, RNC, RNMH and RNLD, each having different roles to play according to their titles and involve care provided to adults, children, mental health and those with learning disabilities.
• Licensed Practical Nurse or Registered Practical Nurse – This qualification allows the qualified practitioner to work independently or with a registered nurse.
• Nurse Practitioner – This requires a masters or a relevant post graduate degree. The practitioner is allowed to perform roles that are similar to the role of doctors such as writing out prescriptions, referrals, and admission rights etc.
• Community Public Health Nurse – These practitioners are generally district nurses, health visitors, etc.
• Managers – Qualified nurses with years of experience move up the ladder and join the NHS management structure. Career choices available at the management level include clinical nurse managers, matrons or board members.