Nursing aides in scrub jackets help to care for physically and mentally ill patients who are confined in hospitals, nursing care facilities, or mental health settings. The duties of home health aides are similar, but these nursing aides work in the homes of the patients or in residential care facilities. They perform routine tasks under the direction of nursing and medical professionals. They answer patients' call lights, make beds, serve meals, and help patients to bathe, dress, and eat. Aides may also take patients' temperatures, blood pressure, pulse and respiration rates; and provide skin care. They help patients to get in and out of bed and to walk, and may escort them to examining and operating rooms. They also keep the patients' rooms neat, store supplies, set up equipment, and assist with some types of procedures. Nursing aides observes the patients' physical, emotional, and mental conditions, and they report changes to the medical staff.
Nursing aides who are employed by nursing care facilities are frequently the principal caregivers, with much more contact with the residents than other staff members. Because residents may remain in a nursing care facility for many months or years, aides develop ongoing relations with patients and interact with them in a positive way. Home health aides in sale scrubs assist elderly, disabled, or convalescent patients to live in their homes instead of in health facilities. They provide health services such as administering medicines as well as monitoring patients' vital signs and keeping records under the direction of registered nurses, physical therapists, and social workers. They report progress and changes in patients' conditions to their supervisors.
They also keep the patients' rooms neat and help patients to move from their beds, bathe, groom, and dress. They may also change dressings, give alcohol rubs and massages, and assist with artificial limbs and braces. Psychiatric aides care for emotionally disturbed or mentally ill persons as part of a team which includes psychiatrists and psychologists, psychiatric nurses, and social workers. Beside helping patients to bathe, dress, groom, and eat, psychological aides lead them in recreational and educational activities, and otherwise socialize with patients. They observe the patients and report any behavioral or physical signs which may be important to the professional staff.
Nursing aides must spend many hours each day in scrubs clothing standing and walking, and they can have heavy workloads. They have unsuitable duties such as changing soiled bed linen and emptying bedpans. Moving patients into and out of bed, and helping them to stand and walk, can cause back injuries. Patients may be disoriented, irritable, or uncooperative. Aides may also face hazards from infections and diseases. Home health nursing careers have modest entry requirements, but also tend to be low paying with high emotional and physical demands, and lack of opportunities for advancement. On the other hand, there are numerous job openings, and it is expected that there will be excellent job opportunities in the future. Most full-time nursing aides work 40-hour weeks, but some work part-time, and because patients need 24-hour care some aides work nights, they also may work weekends, and holidays.