Today the US sorely lacks professional nurses. Sociological study conducted in one of the US states (Ohio) showed the number of medical schools graduates decreased by 23% over the past two – three years. Now the average age of medical professionals in the US is 43 years, and crossed a 50-year milestone by 2010. Already in 2001, 30 states lacking 126,000 nurses. Now about 150000 positions are open. Crisis in 44 states will increase in two decades (until 2020).
US Department of Labor predicted increase in demand for nurses to 500,000 (21%) by 2008. By 2010, the country required at least one million nurses (for new positions and replace of those retiring). The number of American nursing programs graduates, who applied for licenses in 2002, declined to 25,898 persons compared with 1995 (269%).
In 2000-2001, 44% of 1212 California's “Homes for elderly patients” fixed lack of required number of nurses. In all these state institutions, the average number of staff turnover was 78% (from 4% to 296%).
In 2000, the US nurse's salary ranged from $ 44.840 to $ 64.360.
Annual salary at different institutions:
• Companies that supply nurses, $ 46.860
• Hospitals $ 45.780
• Companies that provide home care, $ 43.640
• Medical offices $ 43.640
• Homes for elderly patients (with non-stop care) $ 41.330
In 2002, nurses got the largest salary increase in America: 8.0%.
All nurses are provided with the best health insurance covering whole family. Many employers offer free schedule; payment of kindergartens; refund of petrol cost, vehicle insurance and depreciation; annual bonuses of between one and three monthly rates. Nurses are generously paid the cost of retraining and various qualifying examinations, as well as any training programs (from Bachelor to Master Degree) at college or university.